Tuberculosis prevention

Tuberculosis prevention


Tuberculosis is a disease caused by mycobacterium. There are
three forms of mycobacterium that cause tuberculosis and
they include; mycobacterium tuberculosis, mycobacterium
bovis, and mycobacterium africanum (Roy, 2011).

Mycobacterium bovis can be spread from animals to humans
through contaminated milk or through the air.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the main cause of tuberculosis.

It is transmitted from a person to the other through air by an
droplet infection through coughing, sneezing, or forced
expiration from the lungs (Xiaoli, 2001).

Importance of education on TB

To reduce mortality, morbidity, and disease
transmission (Gore & Hartston, 2010).

Prevent development of drug resistance

Engage the community in tuberculosis prevention

To make equip the people with knowledge

Symptoms of TB




Blood spitting

Chest wall pain (Xiaoli,


Localized wheeze

Frequent cold


Loss of weight

Fever and sweating


Loss of appetite (Gore &
Hartston, 2010).

Prevention measures


Treatment in case of a suspected TB infection

Proper hygiene-utensils (Jaramillo, 2001).

Proper coughing and sneezing habits

Contact tracing

Management of close contacts


Gore, A. T., & Hartston, W. (2010). The measurement of
public opinion-an approach to health education in
tuberculosis. Monthly bulletin of the Ministry of Health
and the Public Health Laboratory Service, 12, 131.

Jaramillo, E. (2001). The impact of media-based health
education on tuberculosis diagnosis in Cali, Colombia.
Health policy and planning, 16(1), 68-73.

Roy, R. N. (2011). Systematic health education of
tuberculosis patients and of the population. Bull Int Union
Tuberc, 60(3-4), 133-134.

Xiaoli, Z. G. L. J. D. (2001). Effects of health education on
improvement of compliance of patients with pulmonary
tuberculosis to treatment [J]. Journal of Nurses Training,
11, 002.