The existence of Race and Gender Difference


1) Read The Experiences of African-Americans and Whites in Criminal Justice Education: Do Race and Gender Differences Exist?

In a well-constructed (complete sentences; paragraph format), respond to the following:

a. Discuss what the researchers were attempting to explore.

b. What did the researchers find? Specifically, discuss the findings with respect to differences between races, gender (e.g. what differences were found between males and females; whites and minorities?).

The existence of Race and Gender Difference

First, it is important to note that race and gender difference or rather stereotypes have different impacts on society. These impacts range from job interviews, housing, prison terms and more importantly in the education systems. In that case, this paper looks at a study by Robert, Chinita, and Gilbert with the aim of finding out issues of Gender and racial disparity in the criminal justice education system.

            The study survey by Robert, Chinita, and Gilbert involves a survey that aims at investigating gender and race difference in the criminal justice system (Robert, Chinita & Gilbert (1995). In which case, the respondents including both male, female and the minorities. The intention of the researchers emanates from the fact that race and gender disparity has been a significant dynamic in not only experience but also attainment of education.

In that connection, the research aims to look at a better understanding of race and gender in criminal justice education system. With meaningful understanding, it is probably much easier to negotiate discriminatory as well as inequitable cultural as well as social conditions in such a system. Accordingly, they argue that race and gender differences affect the experience attained by either the whites or the blacks. On the same case, the criminal justice education system gives priorities to males more than female counterparts.


            Per the survey, it is evident that there is a significant difference between academic experiences between females and minorities than their male counterparts. In that case, it is quite obvious females in the criminal academia are not given or rather don’t get the chances progress and build on their career. According to research by the American bar association, the criminal justice system consists of systematic barriers (Collins, Dumas & Moyer, 2017). For instance, women cannot benefit from promotions because they have children.

            Furthermore, research by Robert et al. (1995) shows that people of color are also facing the same predicament. This is true since the research from the America bar association shows that most people of color miss out on assignments that could propel their career growth (Collins, Dumas & Moyer, 2017). Moreover, it is evident that women of color fail to reinforce their academic endeavors due to less pay than that of their white male counterparts (Collins, Dumas & Moyer, 2017). Most unfortunate is the fact that most women fear to lose their jobs when they take academic or even parental leave.

            Besides, research by Robert et al. (1995) is with no doubt accurate since there is confirmation from a study by the National Association of Law Placement (NALP). As Roberts et al., says minority people do not have experience and this according to other studies is because of poor placement procedures (Parker, 2017). For example, in New York only 27% of the partners are minorities and in Boston only 5% (Parker, 2017). With such patterns of placement, there is no way the minority leave alone women will get the chance to progress in their careers.


In conclusion, it is clear from the study survey that women and minority groups have barriers that prevent their progress. Most importantly, their white male counterparts have ready opportunities in terms of chances for growth as well as salaries. Hence, as the study suggests, it will be good practice to address diversity issues in the criminal justice education system. Without which, women and people of color will remain to hold office positions without proper pay and chances for growth.


Collins, T. A., Dumas, T. L., & Moyer, L. P. (2017). Intersecting disadvantages: Race, gender, and age discrimination among attorneys. Social Science Quarterly98(5), 1642-1658.

Parker, J. A. (2017). How a Diverse Administrative Law Judge Field Fosters Longevity and Public Confidence. J. Nat’l Ass’n Admin. L. Judiciary37, 1.

Robert L. Bing III, Chinita A. Heard & Evelyn Gilbert (1995) The experiences of African-Americans and whites in criminal justice education: Do race and gender differences exist?, Journal of Criminal Justice Education,6:1, 123-145,