Obesity in pre-school age


You have decided on a problem to research in a professional setting. Based on your problem definition and research questions, you will be performing a review of relevant research in the field and will be writing a formal review summarizing the literature related to your topic. A review of research literature will help focus and guide your research proposal.


Based on your research questions and problem you have identified, perform a search of relevant literature to help guide and focus your literature review.

Acceptable literature sources must come from scholarly, peer reviewed journals with publication dates within the past ten years.

Note: This task requires a minimum of 10 references in the literature review. As you complete your master’s program, your capstone project may require substantially more in order to be complete.


Write a literature review (suggested length of 8-10 pages) in which you do the following:

A. Describe the problem within your professional setting as a reference for the evaluator.

Note: Refer to the introduction and background of your problem as you have presented in task one and two.

B. Provide the list of references you created in Task 2 for at least 10 sources, given in APA format, that are appropriate to the research topic.

Note: If your source list has changed from what was submitted in Task 2, please provide an updated list.

C. Organize the 10 sources from part B by grouping them under relevant headings that address your problem.

D. Evaluate your groups of sources created for each heading in part C for the following three areas:

1. Factors that influence your chosen problem

2. Barriers to the success of a program or intervention

3. Best practice related to your research topic

E. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format.

Literature Review

The following is a presentation of peer reviewed literature that discusses the various aspects that surround the issue of childhood obesity. A total of ten unique sources were considered for analysis in this exercise. These sources tackle the issue of childhood obesity from diverse and interesting angles that will ultimately add value to the subsequent project as well as the researcher’s knowledge on childhood obesity. The section following this illustrates the problem statement which is the motivational factor driving this study.

A. Problem Description


It has been noted that the rate of obesity in pre-school age has been increasing at a very high rate. This is therefore indicative of an increasing number of children being exposed to the health complications associated with obesity. Many of these are cardiovascular diseases. The main issue that arises with regard to this situation is the role that the parents play in this.  This is because they are the children’s primary care-givers and are clearly failing in ensuring quality healthcare for their children. The knowledge that these parents have is clearly wanting. This is based on observations that have been made by United States government’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

            According to the CDC (2013), the childhood obesity rate almost tripled in preschool children (ages 2-5) from 5 to 14 percent over the past 30 years. Three key symptoms of early childhood obesity are having a higher than normal Body Mass Index or BMI which is an estimation of the total mass carried in relation to the height. The second key symptom of childhood obesity is overeating by the said child. The third symptom of childhood obesity is an overly sedentary lifestyle on the side of the child. Basically he or she prefers to avoid most of the activities that their peers are engaging in (Taveras, 2010).

B. List of References

Akhtar‐Danesh, N., Dehghan, M., Morrison, K. M., & Fonseka, S. (2011). Parents’ perceptions and attitudes on childhood obesity: AQ‐methodology study. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 23(2), 67-75.

Akinbami, L. J., & Ogden, C. L. (2009). Childhood overweight prevalence in the United States: the impact of parent-reported height and weight. Obesity, 17(8), 1574-1580.

Andrews, K. R., Silk, K. S., & Eneli, I. U. (2010). Parents as health promoters: A theory of planned behavior perspective on the prevention of childhood obesity. Journal of health communication, 15(1), 95-107.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Childhood obesity facts [Fact sheet].

Evans, A., Seth, J. G., Smith, S., Harris, K. K., Loyo, J., Spaulding, C., … & Gottlieb, N. (2011). Parental feeding practices and concerns related to child underweight, picky eating, and using food to calm differ according to ethnicity/race, acculturation, and income. Maternal and child health journal, 15(7), 899-909.

Moore, L. C., Harris, C. V., & Bradlyn, A. S. (2012). Exploring the relationship between parental concern and the management of childhood obesity. Maternal and child health journal, 16(4), 902-908. New York State Department of Health. (2012). Preventing childhood obesity: Tips for parents.