Lack of Proper Education on Patient with Type 2 Diabetes

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Lack of Proper Education on Patient with Type 2 Diabetes

Proper education on patients with Type 2 Diabetes is of great significance in management of the disease. The urgency for this intervention has been exemplify by the rising number of people with type 2 diabetes and the high risk of complications including kidney disease, blindness, premature death, stroke, heart disease, and limb amputation (Stults-Kolehmainen & Sinha, 2014). In Ontario alone, more than 600,000 have type 2 diabetes, while many others have not been diagnosed.

This research is aimed at providing recommendations to improve the health of type 2 diabetes patients through education and addressing current barriers to effective management of the disease. Given the nature of the disease, a majority of patients are required to manage critical aspects of their health including self-medication and choosing the correct diet to effectively manage their glucose levels (Kapoor and Kleinbart, 2012). Patients need to be educated on treatment options available to them, prescribed medication, disease causes and process, blood glucose monitoring, nutrition and exercise and possible acute complications (Mshunqane, Stewart & Rothberg, 2012). 

The research which borrows significantly from the Learning Theory by Bundura establishes that there are numerous barriers towards care of type 2 diabetes including misconceptions about the disease, inaccessibility to care, health beliefs and influence from peers. In order for education to be feasible, it is imperative that existing barriers are identified and addressed. These include the patients’ ability to assimilate the information, especially where there are physical incapacities; and ability of patients to afford the recommended foods. Health care workers must also dispel misconceptions that patients may already have about the disease. Where the patient is elderly, a caregiver should also receive the education in order to offer the needed assistance.

Besides helping patients better execute self management and better understanding of the disease, training plays a great role in reducing prevalence of the disease, eliminating complications, increasing productivity, managing treatment cost and promoting the quality of life (Ruffin, 2016).


Kapoor, B., & Kleinbart, M. (April 01, 2012). Building an Integrated Patient Information System for a Healthcare Network. Journal of Cases on Information Technology (jcit), 14, 2, 27-41.

Mshunqane, N., Stewart, A. V., & Rothberg, A. D. (January 01, 2012). Type 2 diabetes management : patient knowledge and health care team perceptions, South Africa : original research. African Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 4, 1, 1-7.

Ruffin, T. R. (January 01, 2016). Health Information Technology and Change.

Stults-Kolehmainen, M. A., & Sinha, R. (January 01, 2014). The Effects of Stress on Physical Activity and Exercise. Sports Medicine, 44, 1, 81-121.