Global Health Surveillance System

Description
Disease surveillance is a necessary public health role. Passive surveillance relies on
individuals and local authorities “pushing” information to national agencies who then
compile, analyze, and disseminate the information. Unfortunately, significant gaps occur in
reporting.
Review your textbook, and the CDC’s National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System
(NNDSS). Discuss the strengths of the current surveillance systems, the gaps you identified,
and why these gaps occur. Discuss the global challenges of coordinating surveillance
between multiple countries and provide an example highlighting the challenges. What
could other governments and agencies, such as the World Health Organization and the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, do to strengthen global disease surveillance
systems?

Global Health Surveillance System

It is a choice of either extensive coverage or adequate coverage. The current surveillance
system focuses on every background. It tries to cover all residents in its ultimate protection
strategy. While other surveillance strategies leave heavy financial burdens, the passive system is
easily implemented within the feasibility of the state. The surveillance system begins with the
lowest states departments (CDC, 2019). The country does not require sophisticated clinical
knowledge or expensive implementation system to adopt the system entirely.
The current system is limited in efficiently identifying potential threats in the state. The
strategy solely relies on the relationship in the extensive system workers, limiting the
completeness of the data. Health workers are depended on, to relay practical and specific
information. These workers can assume the timelessness nature of the data and bring incorrect
data to the CDC (CDC, 2019).
Global health surveillance gained a reputation in the later years of the 20th century.
Surveillance between multiple countries has relayed challenges over the past period of
implementation. This concept sources from the different financial posture depicted by the
different countries. Some states are more industrialized than others. Their surveillance systems
differ as they are in context with the feasibility of the respective country. Strengthening
surveillance between the multiple countries is more complicated. Partnership and resources also
play a role in maintaining global monitoring. The urgent demand for resourceful partners strains
the economy of developing countries. Leaders influencing the partnership of countries implicitly
influence the global surveillance system.
Third party agencies are very resourceful to the global surveillance systems — an
organization with judicial power like WHO can be utilized to set similar standard between
different countries. CDC on the other hand is resourceful in availing improved infrastructures
within National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NDSS) (CDC, 2019).

GLOBAL HEALTH SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM2

References

National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). (2019, March 13).

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