Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Healthy People 2020

Healthy People 2020
Healthy People 2020’s commitment to promote health and prevent disease encourages
individuals to make healthy lifestyle choices for themselves and their families. Conceptual
models and theories play a major role in health promotion and disease prevention. In
addition, epidemiological data, such as morbidity and mortality statistics, helps identify
health problems common to a particular population.
Select one of the Healthy People 2020 initiatives and discuss available preventative health
services (immunizations, health screenings, etc.) relevant to the initiative, as well as health
promotion strategies to be implemented by the Advanced Practice Nurse for a selected
population/age/ethnic group (Neonates, Children, Adults, Pregnant female, Older Adult).
Please consider theoretical concepts and epidemiological data while discussing health
promotion strategies.

The Healthy People initiative is a concerted wellbeing campaign and ailment deterrence
exertion with a vision towards a restored healthy state. It has a complete set of objectives and
goals intended to recover health and eradicating health inconsistencies over the sequence of a
decade. The development is censored throughout the decade, and tactics are developed to enable
the progress. It has created baselines, computable goals and a ten-year objectives that are

intended to be realized. The Healthy People 2020 was launched in December 2010(Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention).
The Healthy People 2020 has four major objectives that include: attainment of excellent,
extended lives, free from avoidable illnesses, debility, injury and untimely mortality; realization
of health impartiality, eradication of discrepancies and better health to all the groups of people;
formation of societal and physical surroundings that stimulate decent health for all; and elevation
of value of life, healthy advancements, and healthy practices across all the stages of life. The
Healthy People 2020 initiative relies on abstract prototypes and clinical principles to sustain its
advancements towards the accomplishments of the set objectives(Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention).
Among the objectives highlighted above, increasing the immunization rates and tumbling
avertible communicable illnesses is a sub-set of goals that the Healthy People 2020 initiative has
been concerned with. Several programs have been initiated to ensure there is a zero development
of diseases that can be prevented, especially, through immunization that is done to the children.
According to a study released by the CDC, the escalation in life anticipation during the 20 th
century is mainly because of the augmented infant survival.
The upsurge in life expectancy is attributed to reduction in communicable diseases that,
initially, resulted into high mortality among the infants. The reduction in mortality rates were as
a result of the discovery of immunization (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).
According to the CDC reports, immunization offered to children has been the major highlight in
fighting preventable diseases, and currently the United States vaccination approvals target 17
avertable ailments across the life span.

The Healthy People 2020 strategy for vaccination and communicable illnesses are
founded on evidence-based clinical practices and community programs for the eradication of the
infectious diseases. The focal point of these programs are centered on technological
advancement and a participatory role in reducing preventable diseases through immunization.
The Healthy People 2020 initiative of reducing preventable diseases includes all the states, local
community health departments and non-governmental organizations in their programs of
bettering quality of life through immunization (CDC).
The Healthy People 2020 initiatives anticipate to handle its programs in a mobile society
and recognizes the fact that disease can spread even beyond the political or geological
boundaries. As a result, vigorous awareness creation to the public is essential. The initiatives also
needs to educate and encourage the public to ensure that they adhere to all the recommendations
of immunizations, especially, among children for the purposes of improving quality of life and
subsequent increase in life expectancy (CDC).
According to the CDC information database, the people of the United States continue to
contract illnesses that can be stopped through immunization.Tuberculosis (TB), influenza and
viral hepatitis continue to be among the principal sources of ailments and mortality in the United
States, and is the explanation for the extensive expenditure on the related outcomes of the
infections. These deaths are mainly in children, therefore, an effective immunization program to
children will offer the desired solutions to health related problems. In addition to immunization,
other crucial clinical practices can be employed in the initiative to help reduce these diseases.
These may include proper screening and adherence to clinical guidelines, provision of antibiotics
as well as incorporation of scientific advancements into the health and nursing practice (Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention).



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Achievements in public health, 1900–1999:
Control of infectious diseases. MMWR. 1999 Jul 30;48(29):621-9.