Alignment and Social Change
Alignment remains a central element in the current efforts of standard-based and systematic research in psychology. In developing a research study aimed at preventing violence that has turned out to be a public health agenda as a result of the growing rates and effects of violence that exist, it is essential to incorporate effective approaches of evaluating alignment that exists between, data collection approaches and other research mechanisms(Vogt, Gardner, & Haeffele, 2012). These mechanisms include the problem, purpose, research questions, and design.
This paper seeks to evaluate the manner in which an action research in family violence research may be evaluated through the alignment of its, data collection approaches and other components of the research study. On the other hand, the paper will reflect on the contents of the course with the aim of establishing the scope of a newly requisitioned inquiry skill and knowledge may sustain my role in advocating for positive change aimed at addressing the element of family violence.
Approaches of Evaluating Alignment in Data Collection Approaches and other Components of Research
The current world of social sciences remains multidimensional and complex, an aspect that has resulted in different paradigms comprised of different approaches and variations that ensure various components of a research study are tied together, and are suitably aligned with each other (Vogt, et.al. 2012). In order to ensure that the data collection process evaluated to aligned to other elements of a research study that include the research problem, purpose, research questions, and design, it is essential to ensure that the research questions are clear, and are developed to align these components with the method of study and the design.
It is notably vital to note that, the influence between a research study, its question, design or method, and limitations are influenced by the studies questions. The point of this is that the alignment between a research studies component remains in the overall validity of the study (Vogt, et.al. 2012). A research study whose component fails to cohere or align may be considered to have a questionable validity. Whatever a research study used, the research components that include the research problem, design, data collection and analytical methods need to be inclusively aligned with the overall methodology and should cohere with one another.
The Application of the Acquired Research Skills in Positive Social Change
Background of Research Problem
In supporting my role in advocating for an affirmative social change, it would be necessary to incorporate the newly acquired skill in a research study aimed at addressing the element of family violence. Despite several efforts to prevent family violence through the development of interventions, an effective approach of understanding this process is through the inclusion of an empiric research approach in spear heading violence prevention activities, an area of research that is in its infancy.
Considering the fact that violence begins from an early age and ends in negative effects, the prevention of this unethical act needs to start in childhood in order to address this vice across all spheres of life. Following in the footsteps of the current enacted public health efforts in addressing this challenge, the study incorporates empirical data as the foundation of preventing violence through the inclusion of programs.
Many of the violence prevention programs are considered to have no documented empirical evaluation, an aspect that has resulted in inconsistencies in the prevention programs. This study will consequently explore these gaps through the incorporation of research practices by sampling some of the family violence prevention practitioners.
The model of this study was developed through the inclusion of a participatory action research method. This process ensures that an exploration is provided on applying the practice from the standpoint of the key players considered violence prevention practitioners.
Upon approval by the Walden University review board, the data collection approach incorporated a twofold approach. The first phase of the process incorporated a purposeful sample of the element of family violence prevention personnel were recruited (N=25) through the use of an open-letter invite, with the sample of the study reporting whites at 50%, females at 80%, and holders of a bachelor’s degree at 45%(Graf, Rea, & Barkley, 2013). The element of diversity and educational background was considered in the process. The second phase of the study incorporated a retention rate of 68% of the original samples used in previous studies (N=18).
The study incorporated a valid and reliable measure to conduct a study on this process from the perspective of the violence prevention practitioners. An in-depth qualitative interview was developed, with questions established from an extensive review of literature, applied through an open-ended method (Graf, Rea, & Barkley, 2013). In order to increase the study’s validity, a pilot-test was conducted to measure the interview. Participants were required to provide their responses to the questions below:
- What are some of the factors that challenge you in applying the element of empirical research to violence prevention programs?
- What are some of the elements that encourage you to apply empirical research in your work?
- What are some of the empirical research that you ready to inform you on the prevention of violence?
In analyzing the data, the research identified the positive and negative factors that influence the violence prevention practitioners in their work, an aspect that was achieved through the conversation of all the written and audio data into a spreadsheet in a uniform manner (Graf, Rea, & Barkley, 2013). In order to ensure the study’s validity and to reduce the bias, there was a need to incorporate an independent reviewer.
The study identifies some positive and negative elements that encourage violence prevention practitioners in incorporating the element of empirical research to their work (Graf, Rea, & Barkley, 2013). Some of the positive elements include training on workshops that impact their knowledge on using research in practice, tutorials that provide directions on how to incorporate and apply research in their programs, and peer support in achieving their goals. On the other hand, the negative elements that hindered their inclusion of empirical research in practice include the lack of understanding on how to incorporate research in practice, the complexity of research as a result of technical terminologies, the lack of peer support and funding, and a negative attitude on the use of research in practice.
Considering the fact that the study is empirical, the logic of the samples used need to be congruent with the primary logic of the study, and the developed research questions, an aspect that requires the study’s sample to be made clear. In this case, the size and structure of the study’s sample should be described besides its logic, the method selected, and the claims that are established for the study’s representativeness. In the last face of the study, consideration should be pointed to the response rate, in case a survey design is incorporated. The evaluation process of this study boils down to the question of the quality of data collected that incorporates the element of reliability and validity.
On the other hand, the research study needs to consider and demonstrate that data is collected across the full range of the study’s condition as established in the research questions. This remains important in testing the study’s theory, thus influencing the element of generalizability of the study’s findings. It is in this case essential to establish the manner in which the data is collected and how the findings are arrived at, with the emphasis on the alignment of the study remaining on the research questions. The findings of this study and conclusion are only good as the data collected, thus establishing the fact that quality control of the studies data is essential. The validity of this study determined the manner in which the instruments incorporated measure the findings of the study
ReferencesGraf, L. M., Rea, N. K., & Barkley, W. M. (2013). An innovative approach to action research in family violence. Journal of Social Change, 5, 58–71.
Vogt, W. P., Gardner, D. C., & Haeffele, L. M. (2012). When to use what research design. New York, NY: Guilford Press.