Diabetes type 2 and CVD (Cardiovascular Disease)

Health Promotion Proposal
Appendix 2
DESIGN AND PRESENTATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION PROPOSAL
WEIGHTING 10% (WEEK 9)
PROJECT PROPOSAL FORM (To be submitted on or before 26/10/2012)
NAME
ID number

  1. Indicate the title of your mini-project
  2. Explain your rationale for selecting the option and the title.
    a. Cite at least 4 relevant academic articles
  3. Indicate your AIM/S and OBJECTIVES
  4. Write a brief outline of your project and the resources you intend to use.
    a. indicate relevant health promotion models/approach/es to be used
    b. indicate target group
  5. Indicate relevant ethical considerations with regard to your mini- project.
  6. Provide a time-line for your mini-project

HEALTH PROMOTION PROPOSAL

Title

Reducing the risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease among students at
London Metropolitan University through Healthier Lifestyles and Environments.

Rationale

Diabetes type 2 and CVD (Cardiovascular Disease) contribute to a high percentage of
disease burden in London. Consequently, there is loss of life quality, well-being and health that
burdens the health care system, community, families and individuals. According to Calle et al
(1999), the two diseases are among the seven diseases that are a priority in London, based on
prevention opportunities, costs, severity, and prevalence. CVD is a leading death cause in
London. It leads to 39% of all deaths, 22% of the entire disease burden and 3.7 billion dollars of
all health costs (Bosma & Marmot, 1997). Diabetes is considered the 6 th leading death cause.
Approximately one million individuals in London have diabetes.
Aims and Objectives

Health Promotion Proposal 2
The proposal is designed to assist students develop healthy behaviors, and better manage
CVD and Diabetes type 2 through exercise, diet and healthy lifestyles.

Outline

  1. Skill development and Education
  2. Group and Individual Counseling Programs
  3. Behavioral Intervention

Resources

In order to carry out the activities effectively, adequate time and resources have been
allocated for assessment and analyses. A height board and weighing scale will be used to take the
height and weight of participants. The two parameters will calculate the Body Mass Index
(BMI). Stationaries (writing pads, pens and rulers) will be used.
Health Promotion Approaches and Models

Skill development and Education
To prevent the progression of CVD and Diabetes type 2, students will be educated on the
causes, symptoms, prevention and management of the two diseases. This will ensure that
affected students have the basic skills, and can manage the conditions (Ashenden, Silagy &
Weller, 1997).
Student Group Counseling Programs
The affected students will form groups where they will share experiences. Through the
interaction, students will learn from others’ experiences in regard to physical activity, diet and
weight loss.
Behavioral Intervention

Health Promotion Proposal 3
Students affected by the two diseases will be advised on the benefits of taking a proper
diet, physical activity, smoking cessation, and the need to maintain a healthy weight.

Target Group

The target group consists of students with CDV and Diabetes, the obese and overweight.

Ethical Considerations

Before conducting the study, a permit will be obtained from the Dean of Students
(Baghurst, 2003). Before assessing an individual, introduction will be done on what is being
done, for what purpose and by who. After data has been analyzed and reports developed, the
findings will be shared with the participants to ensure effective behavioral change and
management of the conditions.

Time-line

Creating awareness in regard to CVD and Diabetes will be conducted between August
and November.
ACTIVITY AUGUST SEPTEM
BER

OCTOBE
R

NOVEMBE
R

Assessing the prevalence
of Diabetes type 2 and
CVD among students at
London Metropolitan
University.
Assessing the
pervasiveness of
behavioral threat factors
(anthropometric
measurements and in-
person survey).
Assessing individual
opportunities, barriers and
accessibility to health care
for follow-ups and
diagnosis through in-
person survey.
Data analysis and

Health Promotion Proposal 4
developing reports for
recommendations and
references based on the
findings from the study.

References

Ashenden, R., Silagy, R. & Weller, D. (1997). A systematic review of the effectiveness of
promoting lifestyle change in general practice. Family Practice, vol. 14, 160-176.
Bosma, H. & Marmot, M. (1997). Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in
Whitehall (prospective cohort) study. British Medical Journal, Vol. 312, 558- 565.
Baghurst, K. (2003). Fruits and vegetables: why is it so hard to increase intakes? Nutrition `
Today, vol. 38, pp. 11-24.
Calle, E.E. et al. (1999). Body mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults.
New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 341 (15), 1097-1105.

Health Promotion Proposal


Appendix 2
DESIGN AND PRESENTATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION PROPOSAL
WEIGHTING 10% (WEEK 9)
PROJECT PROPOSAL FORM (To be submitted on or before 26/10/2012)
NAME
ID number

  1. Indicate the title of your mini-project
  2. Explain your rationale for selecting the option and the title.
    a. Cite at least 4 relevant academic articles
  3. Indicate your AIM/S and OBJECTIVES
  4. Write a brief outline of your project and the resources you intend to use.
    a. indicate relevant health promotion models/approach/es to be used
    b. indicate target group
  5. Indicate relevant ethical considerations with regard to your mini- project.
  6. Provide a time-line for your mini-project

HEALTH PROMOTION PROPOSAL

Title

Reducing the risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease among students at
London Metropolitan University through Healthier Lifestyles and Environments.

Rationale

Diabetes type 2 and CVD (Cardiovascular Disease) contribute to a high percentage of
disease burden in London. Consequently, there is loss of life quality, well-being and health that
burdens the health care system, community, families and individuals. According to Calle et al
(1999), the two diseases are among the seven diseases that are a priority in London, based on
prevention opportunities, costs, severity, and prevalence. CVD is a leading death cause in
London. It leads to 39% of all deaths, 22% of the entire disease burden and 3.7 billion dollars of
all health costs (Bosma & Marmot, 1997). Diabetes is considered the 6 th leading death cause.
Approximately one million individuals in London have diabetes.
Aims and Objectives

Health Promotion Proposal 2
The proposal is designed to assist students develop healthy behaviors, and better manage
CVD and Diabetes type 2 through exercise, diet and healthy lifestyles.

Outline

  1. Skill development and Education
  2. Group and Individual Counseling Programs
  3. Behavioral Intervention

Resources

In order to carry out the activities effectively, adequate time and resources have been
allocated for assessment and analyses. A height board and weighing scale will be used to take the
height and weight of participants. The two parameters will calculate the Body Mass Index
(BMI). Stationaries (writing pads, pens and rulers) will be used.
Health Promotion Approaches and Models

Skill development and Education
To prevent the progression of CVD and Diabetes type 2, students will be educated on the
causes, symptoms, prevention and management of the two diseases. This will ensure that
affected students have the basic skills, and can manage the conditions (Ashenden, Silagy &
Weller, 1997).
Student Group Counseling Programs
The affected students will form groups where they will share experiences. Through the
interaction, students will learn from others’ experiences in regard to physical activity, diet and
weight loss.
Behavioral Intervention

Health Promotion Proposal 3
Students affected by the two diseases will be advised on the benefits of taking a proper
diet, physical activity, smoking cessation, and the need to maintain a healthy weight.

Target Group

The target group consists of students with CDV and Diabetes, the obese and overweight.

Ethical Considerations

Before conducting the study, a permit will be obtained from the Dean of Students
(Baghurst, 2003). Before assessing an individual, introduction will be done on what is being
done, for what purpose and by who. After data has been analyzed and reports developed, the
findings will be shared with the participants to ensure effective behavioral change and
management of the conditions.

Time-line

Creating awareness in regard to CVD and Diabetes will be conducted between August
and November.
ACTIVITY AUGUST SEPTEM
BER

OCTOBE
R

NOVEMBE
R

Assessing the prevalence
of Diabetes type 2 and
CVD among students at
London Metropolitan
University.
Assessing the
pervasiveness of
behavioral threat factors
(anthropometric
measurements and in-
person survey).
Assessing individual
opportunities, barriers and
accessibility to health care
for follow-ups and
diagnosis through in-
person survey.
Data analysis and

Health Promotion Proposal 4
developing reports for
recommendations and
references based on the
findings from the study.

References

Ashenden, R., Silagy, R. & Weller, D. (1997). A systematic review of the effectiveness of
promoting lifestyle change in general practice. Family Practice, vol. 14, 160-176.
Bosma, H. & Marmot, M. (1997). Low job control and risk of coronary heart disease in
Whitehall (prospective cohort) study. British Medical Journal, Vol. 312, 558- 565.
Baghurst, K. (2003). Fruits and vegetables: why is it so hard to increase intakes? Nutrition `
Today, vol. 38, pp. 11-24.
Calle, E.E. et al. (1999). Body mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults.
New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 341 (15), 1097-1105.

Health Promotion Proposal

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