Teen Pregnancy among Mentally ill Girls

Introduction:

An effective presentation requires careful preparation. In this task, youll complete a plan for an informative or persuasive presentation. Your presentation may address a social, economic, or political issue that is relevant to your chosen career. Your preparation will include researching your chosen topic, planning for your intended audience, and creating an outline or other plan for your presentation.

Requirements:

A. Write a rationale (suggested length of 1 page) for the presentation in which you do the following:

1. Identify an appropriate purpose for the presentation.

2. Identify an appropriate audience for the presentation.

3. Explain the significance of the chosen topic.

B. Create a plan (e.g., outline, graphic organizer, narrative description) for a presentation (suggested length of 57 minutes) on your chosen topic that includes the following:

1. an effective introduction that includes an attention-getting opening, a thesis statement, and a preview of the main points

2. adequate support for each of a minimum of two main points

3. at least one appropriate visual element (e.g., chart, graph, picture, model)

4. an effective conclusion that includes a summary of the main points and closing comments

5. at least three credible sources

a. Provide APA-formatted in-text citations and an APA reference page.

C. Identify at least three potential questions your audience may ask about your topic.

1. Write an appropriate response for each of the three questions identified in part C.

Note: Proposed questions should not repeat content presented or serve as a quiz for the speaker.

Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Note: When using sources to support ideas and elements in an assessment, the submission MUST include APA formatted in-text citations with a corresponding reference list for any direct quotes or paraphrasing. It is not necessary to list sources that were consulted if they have not been quoted or paraphrased in the text of the assessment.

Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Handout web link included in the APA Guidelines section

An Effective Presentation-Teen Pregnancy among Mentally ill Girls

Teen Pregnancy among Mentally ill Girls

The purpose of this presentation is to draw some concern on an emerging trend that is likely to subdue the pregnancy prevention that has been very fruitful so far. Several studies have indicated a decline of up to 6 percent within a period of one year between 2011 and 2012, and have been steady for the last 20 years. That is as far as the good news go, this trend is not as appealing for teenage girls with mental illness, who are now three times more likely to become pregnant as compared with other girls. This presentation seeks to draw attention about the issue and to develop a concern into initiating campaigns for integrated teenage reproductive health care programs into the school programs. Young medical students are best placed to form part the advocacy program since they are more into contact with the victims, and have a rich background of health issues and information. The topic on teenage pregnancy among girls with mental illnesses is an emerging issue of concern where little has been done in terms of research and capacity building programs. Much still remains to be done on this issue so as to demystify the underlying factors contributing to the higher rates in this group so as to facilitate the much needed remedy. Through empirically proven data and findings stakeholders in the health and private sectors will be in a place to make informed decisions to address the problem.

Recent studies by a Canadian psychologist, Simone Vigod, have revealed a new trend in the ongoing successful efforts to address the issue of teen pregnancy. Pregnant teenagers especially those below the age of 15 are faced by serious socioeconomic challenges such as social stigma in addition to medical concerns (Vigod, 2014). They are at the risk of such conditions as premature labor, low birth weight, pre-eclampsia, and anemia. In the year 2012, 29.4 tanagers out of 1000 gave birth in the US which indicated a six percent decline from 2011. For the last 20 years, the decline has been steady, indicating a positive improvement and a success to the reduction efforts and campaigns. The findings of the study shows that birth rates have not dipped equally fast as in mentally ill teenage girls as have with other girls (Males, 2010). The study indicates a point of concern that this group need to be st apart as a special target for in anti-pregnancy campaigns.

Findings from the study indicate that mentally ill teenage girls are three times more likely to become mothers than other girls. Mental conditions examined in the study included bipolar disorder, depression, and other psychotic disorders (Vigod, 2014). In addition to complications associated with teenage girls, this group faced with a challenge of pre-existing mental illness. Vigod (2014) contends that although birth rates for both teenage groups decreased over the 10-year period of the study, the gap was found to be increasing between the two. The number of live births by girls with serious mental illnesses decreased by 14 percent, while that of other girls by 22 percent. The graph below indicates the trends of birth rates among the mentally ill girls and other girls over the study period of 10 years.

Unfortunately, much is still unknown concerning the risk factors behind higher rates of pregnancy among mentally ill teenage girls. Consequently, in most developed countries, pregnancy prevention programs have not traditionally addressed mental health issues. In this regard, school based programs coupled with greater integration of teenage reproductive health care programs are needed to address the issue (Penfield et al, 2013).

            In conclusion, teenage reproductive health care programs have to a great extent achieved their goal as evidenced by dropping rates of teenage pregnancy. The trend is, however, different for girls with mental illness which are lower compared with other girls. Medical practitioners have raised concerns that urgent measures need to be employed to rescue this group. More studies are required on the topic so as to shed more light into the issue and facilitate more and better mitigation efforts.

Questions and Answers

  1. In your opinion what legal measures should be taken against the perpetrators of mentally ill girl’s pregnancies?

Perpetrators should be reported to the authorities for further action. The children department is able to take up such cases and make appropriate measures to ensure justice is served to the victims. The crime can add up to rape and the perpetrator sent to serve a jail term.

  1. What are the likely ways that parents and teachers can use to help protect these mentally ill girls from unreasonable men who want to take advantage of them?

It is important to take proper precaution to avoid such instances the best way we can. People with mental illness are not in a position to make rational decisions concerning their safety and health. Such responsibilities lie with the parents and relatives to ensure that they are not left in isolated places alone or left to roam about.

  1. What can the government and other agencies do to help pregnant girls with mental illnesses?

The government should come up with programs through the medical departments in offering pre-natal and anti-natal health care and educational programs. The children’s department should also start programs, in liaison with their relatives, to care for such children after they are born to ensure that they are not left under the care of the sick mothers.

References

Males, M. A. (2010). Teenage Sex and Pregnancy : Modern Myths, Unsexy Realities. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.

Penfield, C. A., Cheng, Y. W., & Caughey, A. B. (2013). Obstetric outcomes in adolescent pregnancies: a racial/ethnic comparison. Journal Of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 26(14), 1430-1434.  

Vigod, S. (2014). Teenage Girls with Mental Illness More Likely to Get Pregnant.  Journal Pediatrics.

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