Social fairness

Locate a minimum of 15 peer-reviewed articles that describe the problem or issue and that
support the proposed solution.
which is qualitative, quantitative, descriptive, or longitudinal).
Hint: Begin your search for literature by utilizing the databases located in the GCU
Library. Contact your faculty member, the librarian, or library staff for additional
researching tips and key word suggestions.
How does each article describe the nature of the problem, issue, or deficit you have
Does each article provide statistical information to demonstrate the gravity of the issue,
problem, or deficit?
What are example(s) of morbidity, mortality, and rate of incidence or rate of occurrence in
the general population?

Does each article support your proposed change?
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide,
located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Selecting Sources of Literature

Social fairness in clinical mental health is just as important as any other human right to
the community and the state. The clinical mental health department has been ignored for quite
some time with social justice being advocated only through writing. This means that having
mental problems should necessitate social inclusion and participation in addressing the problem.

Article Appraisal

According to Johanna and Christa, individual professions should provide not only clinical
mental health to patients but also include social justice to their patients. For that reason, the
article gives a clear explanation in a descriptive manner through lessons with no statistical
information. The article proposes that bringing students together through education to foster the
positive change is necessary.
Corrigan’s 2003 article describes the problem in a descriptive and explanatory manner
with no statistical evidence. According to Corrigan, many people who require mental treatment
shy away from hospitals due to the perception of being branded as mentally ill. The article

proposes that stigma-care can be developed and offered to stigmatized patients, and that could be
changed effectively through education.
In the same regard, Lisa and others from the Boston College give a descriptive
explanation of social advocacy in clinical mental health through having a better understanding of
the patient’s culture and beliefs. There are no statistical descriptions, but they suggest that
empowerment could help as a model for patients who have had the threat of domestic violence.
In Vera’s article, there is no descriptive statistics, but there is an exploratory discussion
on how multicultural competency goes helps in clinical psychology. According to the article, the
rate of occurrence in internalizing past discrimination is high in patients with mental health
problems. Therefore, the report suggests that psychologists need to understand the past
prejudices of the patients before offering help.
The article of Kiselica and Robinson does not provide descriptive statistics but gives a
clear explanation through the review of literature from other sources. The article states that most
of the counseling practices do not provide social justice work to their clients. For that reason, the
article proposes that counselors should also focus on environmental problems that may affect
their clients.
Glidewell’s article does not provide any statistical information but uses explanatory
methods in explaining how advocacy could be utilized in psychology. The article states that
psychologists associate advocacy with lawyers and do not see the necessity of using it.
Therefore, the article provides information on how analysts could learn on advocating for their
client’s rights.

Watkins et al. article uses descriptive methods through literature reviews from other
studies and does not include descriptive statistics. The article states that there has been limited
social inclusion in the mental health of black men in recent years. Therefore, it suggests that
there should be social work research to improve mental health for black men.
Similarly, Wright’s article uses qualitative methods through review literature in
identifying the relationship between social inclusion and mental health but has no statistical
information. It also states that mentally-ill patients are becoming the focus of social inclusion
initiatives. It suggests that there should be more research on the on the concept of social
integration in mental policies.
In Michelle’s et al. article, there is statistical information and the study uses descriptive
statistics in its analysis. The report shows that majority of the evaluations bring definite
conclusion on the use of social media in mental health. The report supports the proposed change
of having social inclusion in solving mental problems which in this case is through social media.
In a similar manner, Brynmor’s et al. article provide a systematic review through a meta-
analysis and used descriptive statistics in analyzing the information. The report further suggests
that little is known about the effectiveness of social peer support groups in mental health cases.
All in all, it supports the idea of having social advocacy in clinical mental health.
Grajales et al. article conducted a narrative review to explain social factors such as media
being used in medical sectors. The article uses descriptive statistics and states that mental health
care institutions are unaware of the importance of social media. The report supports the idea of
social advocacy through social media in mental health cases.

Snape et al. article uses the Delphi technique in its qualitative analysis but does not use
statistical information. It states that social care research is gaining importance in mental health
care settings, but little is known about it. However, it supports the importance of having social
advocacy in mental health treatment.
Corrigan et al. article of 2012 use systematic literature reviews and descriptive statistics
in addressing the problem of stigmatization of mental health patients. The article states that
public stigmatization has pernicious effects on the lives of mentally-ill patients. It supports the
idea of having social advocacy in mental health.
In Brett’s et al. article, there is the use of descriptive statistics and use of literature
reviews. It states that there is a rapid increase in patient and public involvement on patients’
health. The article supports the notion of social advocacy in mental health clinical settings.
Additionally, in Webber et al. article, the majority of the mentally-ill patients are socially
excluded. The article uses descriptive statistics and literature reviews in addressing the problem.
As such, the report supports social inclusion practices in mental health cases.



Brett, J., Staniszewska, S., Mockford, C., Herron‐Marx, S., Hughes, J., Tysall, C., & Suleman, R.
(2014). Mapping the impact of patient and public involvement in health and social care
research: a systematic review. Health Expectations, 17(5), 637-650.
Cattaneo, L. B., & Goodman, L. A. (2015). What is empowerment anyway? A model for
domestic violence practice, research, and evaluation. Psychology of Violence, 5(1), 84.
Corrigan, P., & Matthews, A. (2003). Stigma and disclosure: Implications for coming out of the
closet. Journal of mental health, 12(3), 235-248.
Corrigan, P. W., Morris, S. B., Michaels, P. J., Rafacz, J. D., & Rüsch, N. (2012). Challenging
the public stigma of mental illness: a meta-analysis of outcome studies. Psychiatric
Glidewell, J. C. (1984). Training for the role of advocate. American journal of community
psychology, 12(2), 193-198.

Grajales III, F. J., Sheps, S., Ho, K., Novak-Lauscher, H., & Eysenbach, G. (2014). Social
media: a review and tutorial of applications in medicine and health care. Journal of
medical Internet research, 16(2), e13.
Hamm, M. P., Chisholm, A., Shulhan, J., Milne, A., Scott, S. D., Given, L. M., & Hartling, L.
(2013). Social media use among patients and caregivers: a scoping review. BMJ open,
3(5), e002819.
Kiselica, M. S., & Robinson, M. (2001). Bringing advocacy counseling to life: The history,
issues, and human dramas of social justice work in counseling. Journal of Counseling &
Development, 79(4), 387-397.
Lloyd-Evans, B., Mayo-Wilson, E., Harrison, B., Istead, H., Brown, E., Pilling, S., … & Kendall,
T. (2014). A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of peer
support for people with severe mental illness. BMC psychiatry, 14(1), 1.
Nilsson, J. E., & Schmidt, C. K. (2005). Social justice advocacy among graduate students in
counseling: An initial exploration. Journal of College Student Development, 46(3), 267-
Snape, D., Kirkham, J., Preston, J., Popay, J., Britten, N., Collins, M., … & Jacoby, A. (2014).
Exploring areas of consensus and conflict around values underpinning public
involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study. BMJ open, 4(1),
Snape, D., Kirkham, J., Britten, N., Froggatt, K., Gradinger, F., Lobban, F., … & Jacoby, A.
(2014). Exploring perceived barriers, drivers, impacts and the need for evaluation of
public involvement in health and social care research: a modified Delphi study. BMJ
open, 4(6), e004943.

Vera, E. M., & Speight, S. L. (2003). Multicultural competence, social justice, and counseling
psychology: Expanding our roles. The Counseling Psychologist, 31(3), 253-272.
Watkins, D. C., Hawkins, J., & Mitchell, J. A. (2015). The Discipline’s Escalating Whisper
Social Work and Black Men’s Mental Health. Research on Social Work Practice, 25(2),
Wright, N., & Stickley, T. (2013). Concepts of social inclusion, exclusion, and mental health: a
review of the international literature. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing,
20(1), 71-81.

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