Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease in Australia and China

The Draft Written assignment will be a 500 word (without citation) Written assignment on the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Australia and China

In your 500 words you need to:

1. Define the condition

2. Report the prevalence/ incidence of this condition in Australia and China

When submitting your draft written assignment you must also complete and append the Academic Integrity Checklist to the back of your assignment. This checklist can be found on page 16 of the Academic integrity at Curtin: Student guidelines for avoiding plagiarism handbook and will be available on Blackboard under the Assessment link as a Word document. The checklist must be completed as you check your work.

For the body of the Draft Written assignment you are required to use the headings of Introduction, Health Condition, Prevalence/Incidence of condition in Australia, Prevalence/Incidence of the condition in China, Conclusion, and finally include a References page (on a separate page). You may use sub-headings as appropriate. Use appropriate sentence structure and paragraphs, do not use bullet point form. Your tutor will be looking for evidence of your research skills and your ability to find credible sources and synthesise this information. Marks will be taken off if your work is significantly above or below the word limit.

To demonstrate your ability to search the Curtin Library Catalogue and the Electronic Databases, you are required to correctly cite and reference at least three credible sources (with at least two sources being journal articles) in your Draft Written assignment. Your information sources should also include a book (or E-book); and /or government report (e.g. Australian Bureau of Statistics or World Health Organization). Peer reviewed journal articles published in the year 2004 or later must be used.

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease in Australia and China

Declaration

            This is a declaration that this paper is my original work and has never been submitted before in any form as a diploma, degree, or unit qualification requirement in any university or tertiary education institute. References have been used to acknowledge other people’s work. The document and other supporting files are clean of viruses.

Student Signature:

Date: 20th March, 2014.

Content

Introduction………………………………………………………………………..4

Health Condition: definition………………………………………………………. 4

Prevalence/ Incidence in Australia…………………………………………………..4

Prevalence/ Incidence in China………………………………………………………5

Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………5

References…………………………………………………………………………….6

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease in Australia and China

Introduction

            CVD (Cardiovascular disease) is a general term that elaborates a disease of the blood vessels or heart. Normally, the flow of blood to the body, brain, or heart might be reduced due to a blood clot, or the presence of fatty deposits in an artery, which results to the artery narrowing or hardening. Some of the cardiovascular diseases include aortic disease, peripheral arterial disease, stroke, and coronary heart disease (National Academies Press, 2010).

Health Condition: definition

            There are a number of risks that lead to cardiovascular disease including smoking, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, physical inactivity, being obese or overweight, diabetes, a positive heart disease family history, the ethnic background, sex (men normally develop CVD at an earlier age compared to women), and age (the older a person is, the higher the risk of developing CVD) (Rose, 2011). In addition, the manner in which a person deals with stress, how much alcohol a person takes, and the kind of job a person has influences the risk of having CVD. Knowledge on prevalence and incidence of the disease helps in formulating relevant policies.

Prevalence/ Incidence in Australia

            CVD is the leading death cause in Australia, where 45,600 deaths were attributed to the same in 2011. The disease kills an Australian every twelve minutes, over 3.7 million Australians are suffering from the disease, 1.4 million Australians are prevented from leading a full life due to the disability that results from the disease, and it affects 2 out of 3 families, and one in every 5 Australians (National Academies Press, 2010). The proportion of population reporting stroke, vascular, and heart conditions was 3.8% of the entire population. More females (20%) suffer from the disease compared to men (16%) (Rose, 2011).

Prevalence/ Incidence in China

            In China, Cardiovascular disease is among the commonest chronic diseases. CVD is the most popular cause of mortality and morbidity globally. The death proportion from CVD compared to all other death causes has escalated to 35.8% in 1990 from 12.8% in 1951 (Celermajer et al., 2012). CVD causes one third of all the deaths in china, and this number is anticipated to increase greatly by the year 2020. CVD also leads to adjusted life year loss as well as disability. The disease’s prevalence is a novel burden to China as a result of smoking, aging population, as well as changes in lifestyle and dietary habits.

 Conclusion

            There are numerous strategies that Australia and China can take so as to minimize the risk of the disease. China is the hugest developing country and it should tailor her national policies towards management of the disease while fully considering local needs, epidemiology, and affordability. Both Australia and China should promote smoking cessation, control of hypercholesterolemia and hypertension, and increase physical activity. China should use the ‘traditional Chinese’ diet more so as to reduce the burden. Finally, there is a need for countries to take responsibility and implement preventive and educational measures keenly.

Word Count: 500

References

Celermajer, D. S., Chow, C. K., Marijon, E., Anstey, N. M., Woo, K. S. (2012). Cardiovascular Disease in the Developing World : Prevalences, Patterns, and the Potential of Early Disease Detection.  Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 60(14): 1207–1216.

National Academies Press. (2010). Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World: A Critical Challenge to Achieve Global Health.

Rose, G. (2011). Strategy of prevention: lessons from cardiovascular disease. British medical journal (Clinical research ed.), 282(6279), 1847.

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