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Hypothesis and Variables

Nursing – Research

How do you know this article is peer reviewed?

            A peer reviewed means that a profession peer(s) is looking at your work. This article is therefore, a peer reviewed article as evidenced by many references and in-text citations used. References and in-text citations are when people are using or referring to work of other people. Furthermore, this article is in reported form as information is presented in accordance to the original author(s) hence making it to be peer reviewed article.

Research Questions

Research questions in this article are:

  1. To which degree does the spiritual care perspectives of nursing students account for their expressions of spiritual empathy? (Chism &Magnan, 2009).
  2. What is the association between demographic and spirituality characteristics, and expression of spiritual empathy? (Chism &Magnan, 2009).

Hypothesis and Variables

            Hypothesis of this article is that: this article is aimed at analyzing the extent to which spiritual care perspectives of the of the nursing students account for their demonstrations of spiritual empathy, and study the association of spirituality and demographic characteristics to expression of spiritual sympathy (Chism &Magnan, 2009). According to Chism &Magnan (2009), the variables were alpha and power.

Theoretical Framework

            Theoretical framework of this article is determining the degree to which spiritual care perspectives of nursing students account for their expressions of spiritual sympathy as directed by Chism’s Middle-Range Theory of Spiritual Empathy (Chism &Magnan, 2009)

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Is the article a qualitative or quantitative research study? Explain your reasoning

            This article is qualitative research study. This is because one of the purpose or objectives of qualitative research study is to gain a comprehension of fundamental reasons and motivations of people, event or activity (Chism &Magnan, 2009). Similarly, the objective of this article is to analyze the extent to which spiritual care perspectives of the of the nursing students account for their demonstrations of spiritual empathy, and study the association of spirituality and demographic characteristics to expression of spiritual sympathy (Chism &Magnan, 2009). Hence, this article is seeking to understand some reasons and motivations, hence making it to fall in the class of qualitative research study.

References

Chism, L. and Magnan, M. (2009). The relationship of nursing students’ spiritual care perspectives to their expressions of spiritual empathy. Journal of Nursing Education, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2009, 597-604.

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