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Motivates Students

1- Your personal comments on how this practical related to your own experience.

2- Relevance of practical in a counselling/psychotherapy context. (Use theory from the lectures, textbooks, and practical to comment here)

Practical Assessment Exercises

Practical topic/ week (please specify): Week 4 – The motivation to help

1. The aim of the practical: 60 words
  The aim of this practical was to enable each student to understand his or her own needs in regards to what motivates him/her so that they can be able to improve their personal and professional life. This practical allowed students to reflect on their own needs and accept them whilst identifying how these needs impact their interactions with other people.
Marks Section 1 /2
2. The materials used. 73 words
  The materials used in this practical included an extract from Corey and Gerard (1993) “Are the helping professions for you?” This handout was a course reading for the students involved in this practical and they were asked to read and become familiar with the material prior to attending the practical. Instructions and questions which were provided to the students either on the university website or in class were also utilised in this practical.
Marks Section 2 /1
3. The procedure followed in the practical. 252 words
  Prior to the practical, students were asked to read Corey and Gerard (1993) “Are the helping professions for you?” The first task of this practical was for the students to individually list their personal needs which would motivate them to help others in a professional and personal setting. This list would become Data 1 of this practical; students drew a line under this list in preparation for more data. Students were then instructed to discuss in small groups their needs and to list down any additional needs that were raised in this group discussion. This additional list would become Data 2 and students once again drew a line underneath said list in preparation for the final data. One member from each group was asked to read out their lists to the class whilst the students recorded down any new needs to their lists. Lastly, this created Data 3 and an overall class profile. Individual students were later directed to think of real or imaginary situations where they may have been asked for help. They were subsequently instructed to identify what needs affected these interactions and discuss with others how these needs may have positively or negatively impacted the formulated situations. The final task involved students individually creating a brief description of themselves regarding their abilities as a helper and what needs were required to motivate them to help. Students then discussed methods that could potentially assist them to be a better helper and what needs must become a higher or lower priority.
Marks Section 3 /2
4. The outcomes. 166 words
There were several outcomes of the practical. Data set 1 was written down and it included the unique personal needs of students which would motivate them to help other people in a professional and personal setting. Other additional needs of the students which were discussed in small groups were also written down, which comprised Data set 2. In addition, Data set 3 was written down which comprised any new needs of the students after they listened to a member from each group read out their needs aloud in class. In the groups, we were able to gain a better understanding of what our own needs are, along with how our needs can affect the professional industry. We recorded data on how our individual specific needs could influence our abilities to connect with a client considering that in various situations, clients could feel that their needs are not being satisfied which can mean that the client can feel a lack of confidence and competence by the counsellor.
Marks Section 4 /5
5. Your personal comments on how this practical related to your own experience. 442 words
This practical related to my own experience since it enabled me to understand the needs that were evident in me; that is, the need to provide answers to others, the need to be needed, and the need to rescue other people, which are among the types of needs that Corey and Corey (1993) identified as being the needs that therapists need. In my own personal experience generally, there are some instances in which some people with their own personal problems and difficulties in life came to me to assist them find a solution to their problems and resolve their issues. In such situations, I really felt needed as these individuals relied on me to help provide answers to their problem. In particular, there was a situation about 14 months ago whereby one friend of mine who was very much depressed following the divorce of her parents sought help from me. This person came to me to help her relieve her depression. I felt needed by this individual. Furthermore, I felt the need to give answers to this individual. Equally important, I felt the need to rescue this person so that she is no longer depressed by the disheartening divorce of her parents.        The needs have allowed me to realise the influence they have to my daily life, regarding friendships, relationships and my future. For instance, these needs have made me understand how, in future, I can be of help to individuals including close friends and relatives in need of counselling and how I can employ my expertise and know-how to a given situation and help a person who needs me to resolve his or her problem situation. In addition, these needs are vital in my day to day life as the need to be needed and the need to provide answers are the most important needs which I place within my friendships and my own self worth. These needs have always been relevant in my life and will fundamentally be needs that I will extensively utilize in my future career as a counsellor. I must be able to provide to my own needs as well as my clients’. By focusing on the need to be needed there are many advantages. For instance, there is the satisfaction which I feel after helping someone resolve a problem successfully. It is also a rewarding feeling to know that I am a positive influence in improving a relationship or making a relationship better. All in all, feeling appreciated for the help given is great. However, there are harms when the need to be needed overcomes the needs of the client by feeling dependent of feeling appreciated.    
Marks Section 5 /40
6. Relevance of practical in a counselling/psychotherapy context. (Use theory from the lectures, textbooks, and practical to comment here) 461 words
  The lecture was based on the concept of the Johari window. The Johari window comprises four different quadrants which are the open self/arena, blind spot, facade and the unknown self (Lim & Jamil, 2013). By having a clear understanding about the Johari window, it became evident that addressing a client’s needs is extremely important. Corey and Corey (1993) describe several needs including the need to be needed, the need to provide answers, the need to rescue others and the need to have prestige and status. A counsellor must be able to assist his or her clients using the most appropriate strategies in order to help them make progress. For example, Corey and Corey (1993) talked about the need to have prestige and status. This need is purely based on having hopes of acquiring a certain level of prestige, or a certain level of income. The need to have prestige and status is also by enhancing one’s status by attending seminars and training programmes in order to update their expertise in the counselling and psychotherapy field (Corey & Corey, 1993). By the counsellor significantly involving their own insight and their own efforts, a new behaviour can help solve the problem and help the client in need (Gerner, 2016). A therapist should have knowledge of the needs as this will allow him or her to provide counselling that meets the client’s needs and effectively helps to resolve the problem or issue which the client has. Every person has fundamental emotional needs and the therapist should seek to meet the client’s needs for intimacy and attention outside of the therapy room (Carrick, 2014). The client will feel dependent on the therapist if the therapist does not actively encourage the client and help him or her to satisfy basic needs for intimacy and attention outside of their therapy with the therapist. It is worth mentioning that a level of emotional dependency and neediness is unavoidable for psychotherapy to become effective. Even so, this does not mean that the vast majority of clients who seek therapy are willing or keen on becoming emotionally dependent and needy (Pompeo & Levitt, 2014). Actually, a major issue which usually arises during therapy is resistance. In spite of the significant pain which they might be feeling as well as sort of desperate hopelessness which at last forces them to look for professional assistance, a lot of clients do not want to become needy or dependent on the counsellor (Timulak 2014). If a therapist has a knowledge of needs, he/she will inform the client that it is OK to feel needy as this helps to develop a steady relationship with the therapist that will allow the therapist to provide effective counselling to help the client solve his/her own problems (Carrick, 2014).
Marks Section 6 /40

Total 1454 words


Carrick, L. (2014). Person-centred counsellors’ experiences of working with clients in crisis: A qualitative interview study. Counselling & Psychotherapy Research, 14(4), 272-280.

Corey, M. S., & Corey. G. (1993). Becoming a helper. In M. S. Corey, & G. Corey, Becoming a helper (pp. 3-9).

Gerner, B. (2016). Lecture Notes.

Lim, M., & Jamil. H. (2013). International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology. Certification Paradigm of Johari Window Human Capital, 303.

Pompeo, A. M., & Levitt, D. H. (2014). A Path of Counselor Self-Awareness. Counseling & Values, 59(1), 80-94.

Timulak, L. (2014). Witnessing Clients’ Emotional Transformation: An Emotion-Focused Therapist’s Experience of Providing Therapy. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 70(8), 741-752.

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