Government Agencies and Health Policy

1.Describe the function, mission and scope (work) of the federal agency you have selected.
2.Discuss the types of issues this agency addresses.
3.Describe the impact this agency has on health care policy and delivery.
4.Identify at least one current initiative the agency considers a priority.
5.Provide a summary of the initiative.
6.Describe how and why a health policy analyst needs to consider policy problems using
political and legal analysis.
A minimum of three scholarly sources must be cited.

Government Agencies and Health Policy Research Paper

The Functions, Mission and Scope of EPA
Established in 1970, the Environments Protection Agency (EPA) was developed as an
independent agency in the United Stated of America. The primary mission of this organization
was to act as a responsible agent on the protection of the environment with the aim of
maintaining it for the nation’s future generation (Beck, The EPA’s aim is directed
towards diminishing and controlling water and air pollution, pollution from radiations, noise
pollution, toxic substances and pesticides. This agency works at the state and federal level in
order to ensure that effective laws are developed by congress that are complaint with the nation’s
environmental laws and regulations.
On the other hand, the EPA incorporates several partners in the reduction of
environmental threats that have resulted in public health outcomes in the U.S. Once these laws
are passed by congress, the EPA creates a platform that analyses them and establishes the
manner in which they can be clarified and implemented into effect fairly and consistently (Beck, In addressing environmental concerns, the EPA inclusively engages the use of

innovative strategies that combine the element of compliance assistance, different incentives and
monitoring and enforcement tools. The inclusion of compliance incentives in achieving the
state’s environmental concerns and better how the state affects the functions of the earth are

Types of Issues EPA Agency Addresses

Consequently, the EPA also addresses how the U.S government incorporates approaches
of dealing with pollution, the laws that they develop in bettering the nation’s health, as one of its
significant initiatives. The agency also ensures that health policy analysts consider how the
developed policies will essentially be affected by some of the policies that are in existence. To
begin with, it is imperative to ascertain that EPA is mandated to uphold the federal and state laws
that relate to the environment, laws that include the Clean Water Act, Clean Air, and the Federal
Food, the Cosmetic and Drug Act (Rosen & Sanderson, 2015). The Clean Air Act was passed as
a law in 1973 and officially mentioned in 1990. In consideration of this law, the EPA ensures
that it regulates the emissions that result from pollutants that have a negative impact on the
health of the public. The agency has made it in instances where fewer components of pollution in
the air by reducing the intensity of chemicals that are likely to contribute to the environment
through the ozone layer, and consequently reducing the amount of lead content especially from
gasoline from polluting the environment.
The EPA is structured in a way that makes coordinated efforts to reduce some of the
attacks that pollute the environment such as the air, water, and the land that grows food. The
agency has combined efforts with the government in order to deal with the environmental
pollution issues that defy concerted and effective actions (Rosen & Sanderson, 2015).
Irrespective of the complexities that have been experienced, the organization has taken measures

to control pollution through a perceived interrelated system. In this case, the EPA ensures that a
more efficient approach to controlling pollution would:

  1. Identify some of the environmental pollutants.
  2. Mark out these pollutants through the ecological chain by observing and recoding
    some of the effects and changes that result from interactions with these pollutants.
  3. Establish the tot of man and how this relates to the environment.
  4. Examine the existing interactions that occur in the forms of pollution.
  5. Identify and address the ecological chains and their interdiction and how they are
    efficient in addressing environmental concerns.
    The Impact of the EPA on Health Care Policy and Delivery
    The environment plays a significant role in establishing the wellbeing of people such as
    their mental, physical, and social wellness. Major differences in the quality of the environment
    and human health are one of the aspects addressed by this agency. The complexities in the
    relationship between human health and environmental factors take into consideration several
    interactions and pathways (Rosen & Sanderson, 2015). This details the fact that the degradation
    of the environment through chemicals, noise, air pollution, natural areas, poor quality water is
    likely to substantially increase the rates of diseases such as diabetes, obesity, nervous and
    cardiovascular ailments, and cancer, with all of this pointing out to a major public health concern
    in America.
    The EPA therefore develops approaches aimed at establishing some of the health
    concerns that result from risk factors as a result of the degradation of the environment. This
    approach ensures that the agency sets priorities, evaluates the benefits of these measures and
    develops appropriate mechanisms that address the environmental factors that affect the health of

the population, an aspect that impacts the state’s healthcare policies and deliver (Rosen &
Sanderson, 2015). In recognition of the need for a management structure in handling hazardous
pharmaceutical wastes, the EPA proposed a Universal Pharmaceutical Waste legislation in 2008
which required the management of perilous waste pharmaceuticals through a streamlined,
simplified alternate system, an aspect that impacts healthcare policies and delivery approaches.
Under this proposed rule, health faculties need to ensure that hazardous wastes are managed

Current Initiative EPA Considers a Priority

Currently, the EPA has taken the initiative to ensure that it makes a visible difference in
the wellbeing of different communities across the nation. This has seen the agency team up with
states, tribes, federal agencies and local communities with the aim of improving the health of the
American population and protection of the environment within each and every community within
the U.S.A.
In order to achieve this, the organization has engaged in an expansive work that is aimed
at enhancing the economic vitality of different neighborhoods in America. On the other hand, the
agency has developed efficient structures that will strengthen its relationship with the agricultural
communities in America, an approach that will incorporate the use of green infrastructures that
will manage some of the wastes that come from these fields as well as urban wastes (Bergeson,
2014). The EPA is also dedicated to reduce air pollution along different roadways such as ports
and railways, and take consideration of the impacts of these decisions on the environment.

Using Political and Legal Analysis in Establishing Policy Problems

Health care remains a complex element within a state, an aspect that has resulted in the
creation of middlemen and complexities that affect the legal systems that are structured and
developed to enhance the sector (Bergeson, 2014). Policy analysts need to consider some of the
policy problems through the inclusion of legal and political analysis, an aspect that ensures the
community is broken into smaller units, thus making up the important individuals in the
This allows the policy makers to establish the people they need to accomplish their
common goals, an aspect that ensures a strategy is initiated in advancing and meeting their goals.
The application of legal analysis through an interpreter of the law therefore plays a significant
role in addressing the complexities in making decisions that are in complaint with the law. These
laws guide the efforts of these policy makers in changing healthcare policy’s that meet a majority
of population needs (Bergeson, 2014). On the other hand, policy analysis needs to consider the
interests of the population since this creates a sense of security among the majority in the
development of policies that address their needs. This also details the need to ensure that some of
the middle men that make the achievement of these goals are eradicated through the process.



Beck, N. B., Becker, R. A., Erraguntla, N., Farland, W. H., Grant, R. L., Gray, G., & … Dourson,
M. L. (2016). Approaches for describing and communicating overall uncertainty in
toxicity characterizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Integrated Risk
Information System (IRIS) as a case study. Environment International, 89110-128.

Bergeson, L. L. (2014). Environmental Protection Agency Assessing Utility of Toxic Substances
Control Act to Obtain Information on Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Substances and
Mixtures. Environmental Quality Management, 24(1), 67-72.
Rosen, J. A., & Sanderson, J. W. (2015). EPA Proposes Eliminating State Regulations as to
Start-up, Shutdown, and Malfunction Emissions. Natural Gas & Electricity, 31(7), 8-12.

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