Use Current Resources of not older than five years.
>Select two disorders of the male and/or female reproductive systems that interest you.
Consider the similarities and differences between the disorders.
>Select one of the following factors: genetics, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Think about how
the factor you selected might impact the diagnosis of and treatment for the reproductive
>Write a description of the two reproductive disorders you selected, including their
similarities and differences. Then explain how the factor you selected might impact the
diagnosis of treatment for the reproductive disorders.
Disorders of the reproductive systems
The reproductive system disorders that will be discussed in this paper are endometriosis
which is a disorder of the female reproductive system and varicocele which is a reproductive
disorder of the male reproductive system (Tortora, & Nielsen, 2009). These two disorders are
abnormalities from what is naturally expected in the reproductive systems. The endometriosis is
a condition in which there is colonization of the abdominal/pelvic cavity with the endometrial
tissues. As a result of this, the endometrial tissues move up the uterine tube at the time of
menstruation and they spill into the abdomen. The endometrial tissues then form clots that attach
themselves to the abdominal organs that include the bladder, rectum, intestinal loops, and cycle
along with the uterus in response to the changes in ovarian hormones. Bleeding occurs in the
abdomen and causes irritation of the lining membrane, the peritoneum, leading to abdominal
pains (Tortora, & Nielsen, 2009).
The male reproductive disorder, varicocele, refers to the dilation and twisting of the veins
of the testes and it is also referred to as “hemorrhoids” of the scrotum. It is easily seen from the
side of the scrotum and it appears like a swelling with worms (Crain et al, 2008). This condition
among the males causes discomfort, reduction of sperm production, and sterility. It can be
detected early enough and corrected through surgery before it leads to many more reproductive
DISORDERS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM 2
complications. Sterility occurs because the there is a reduction in the rate at which blood flows
and this leads to an increase in the testicular temperature (Tortora, & Nielsen, 2009).
There are many similarities that exist between the two disorders ranging from the nature
of the disorder to the specialists who treat the disorders (Crain et al, 2008). The reproductive
conditions in women are handled by the obstetrician or the gynecologist and the male
reproductive disorders are treated by the urologists. There are also other specialists who treat
infertility and hormonal disorders in men and women (Ehrenreich, English, & Faludi, 2011). The
other difference in these disorders is that endometriosis occurs only in women and varicocele
occurs in men. Varicocele causes sterility in men while endometriosis could cause infertility in
women. This means that it could be difficult for the woman to conceive but the man does not
necessarily become infertile. However, these conditions can be diagnosed and treated through
surgery. Endometriosis in women can cause very severe pains but varicocele only causes
discomfort in men. Endometriosis occurs in the internal reproductive system and it can only be
noticed through abdominal pains. Varicocele can be noticed from the external of the reproductive
system because it is manifested through a swelling (Crain et al, 2008).
Age is a factor that has been shown to have an impact on the diagnosis and treatment of
the reproductive disorders. As one advances in age, some of the diagnostic and treatment
methods used are not favorable for their age (Ehrenreich, English, & Faludi, 2011). These
include surgery in which the age at which one undergoes a surgery is considered for the sake of
precautions to be taken. Age also affects the process of diagnosis because some of these
disorders may not be detected at a younger age but until puberty sets in. this gives a chance to the
disorder to develop and become more complicated. Age also has an effect on how effective drugs
administered in the treatment are. If the disorder is also detected at an advanced age of the
DISORDERS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM 3
patient, the drugs could be too strong for their system leading to more complications (Ehrenreich,
English, & Faludi, 2011).
Crain, D. A., Janssen, S. J., Edwards, T. M., Heindel, J., Ho, S. M., Hunt, P., … & Guillette Jr, L.
J. (2008). Female reproductive disorders: the roles of endocrine-disrupting compounds
and developmental timing. Fertility and sterility, 90(4), 911-940.
Ehrenreich, B., English, D., & Faludi, S. (2011). Complaints and disorders: The sexual politics
of sickness. Feminist Press.
Tortora, G. J., & Nielsen, M. (2009). Principles of Human Anatomy, Clinical Applications
Manual. John Wiley & Sons.