Bipolar disorder

Discuss what the RN would teach the
client and family about Bipolar Disorder.
2-Would the RN need to make any adjustments in the teaching based on this client’s
patient’s age? If so, explain.
3-Discuss how the RN would respond to the family’s desire not to have the client
take any medication.


Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder also known as the maniac-depressive illness that
causes the shifts in ability, moods and activity levels. The RN makes the positive contributions to
the patients and their families through teaching about physical care, psycho-education and
relapse prevention. The RN develops knowledge of the bipolar disorder (Kee et al, 2015). The
RN teaches the patient common signs and symptoms of the disorder as well as the treatment
options available for managing the conditions effectively. The patient and the family are

educated on the risk factors that lead to the disorder. The education makes them aware of other
risk factors such as brain structure and functioning apart from family history and genetics which
are the main factors they understand to cause the bipolar disorder (Townsend, 2015). The
psychotherapy is also taught by RN, which is a combination of talk therapy and medication. The
education essentially guides the patients and families living with the disorder (Kee et al, 2015).
Adjustment during the teaching process of the patients and families about the bipolar disorder is
essential where age factor is considered. The patients should be educated that the disorders occur
with a growing frequency among the young ages thus it is vital for young people e.g. the 19
years old college student to ensure they keep a life chart as they are vulnerable to suffer from
bipolar disorder. The young people e.g. the student in the case study have a tendency to develop
the disease which also involves the environmental factors.
It is important for the RN to respond appropriately to the family of the patient on the
matter of medication. Awareness of the importance of the medication shall be enhanced among
the family and the patient by highlighting the treatment options and therapies available for the
disorder (Kee et al, 2015). The RN also notifies the family about the type of bipolar disorder
management that works best for the particular patient. If the family are totally against the
medications and drugs used by bipolar disorder patients, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) can
be suggested to them as they consider taking other medications risky (Townsend, 2015). The
primary responsibility of the RN is to ensure the patient and his family see the positive side and
impact of the treatment rather than the few side effects that result after medication (Kee et al,



Kee, J., Hayes, E., & McCuistion, L. (2015). Pharmacology: A nursing process approach (8th
ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Townsend, M.C. (2015). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: Concepts of Care in Evidence-
Based Practice (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company

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